SQL SERVER – How to work with Row Constructors , inserted and deleted tables and Handle Result Set

There are many ways to track changes made to the table in SQL Server one of the method is to use inserted and deleted tables and get the result set and use in code appropriately.

Step 1: Creating Table

create table Emp


empId int primary key identity,

class int,

empName varchar(30),

sal money,

empState varchar(25)


Step 2: Inserting values into the table

use row constructors or insert one by one

insert into Emp values













Output clause

/* Local System*/


update Emp Set sal = sal +1

output inserted.empId,deleted.sal as [old sal], inserted.sal as [new sal]

where class =2

/* table Variable for server side maintenance*/

declare @change table


id int not null,

[old sal] money,

[new sal] money


update Emp Set sal = sal +1

output inserted.empId,deleted.sal as [old sal], inserted.sal as [new sal] into @change

where class =2

select * from @change


delete Emp

output deleted.*

where empId=3 or empId = 6


insert into Emp

output inserted.*




For Updating,deleting and inserting we get a result set.

Update 21 Jan 2013

One of my reader Mini asked me that she is trying to insert multiple values into table using row constructor but it is giving error in the comma in the syntax ?


1)  Result set are not supported in sql server expressed Edition

2) Inserting multiple rows or technically can be called as Row Constructors are new feature added in SQL Server 2008

if we try to execute the above code on SQL Server 2005 we will get an error at comma stating that it is not allowed, because this syntax is introduced in SQL Server 2008 and even when we are working on client server environment no matter what SQL Server you have if the server to whom you are connecting is previous versions of SQL Server 2008 it will not execute, so these things should kept into consideration.

Reference : Dilip Kumar Jena ( https://sqlexplore.wordpress.com)

We have a table with a CHARACTER data type field. We apply a “>” row comparison between this field and another CHARACTER field in another table. What will be the results for records with field value of NULL

This is something  so many asked me because I also faced the same situation before, so having a NULL in a row when compared will give an UNKNOWN result.

The result will not be correct hence creates an ambiguity.

Reference : Dilip Kumar Jena ( https://sqlexplore.wordpress.com)

SQL SERVER – CREATE INDEX myIndex ON myTable(myColumn)What type of Index will get created after executing the above statement

Non-clustered index. Important thing to note: By default a clustered index gets created on the primary key, unless specified otherwise.

Reference : Dilip Kumar Jena ( https://sqlexplore.wordpress.com )

SQL SERVER – What is the difference of a LEFT JOIN and an INNER JOIN statement

A LEFT JOIN will take ALL values from the first declared table and matching values from the second declared table based on the column the join has been declared on. An INNER JOIN will take only matching values from both tables

Reference : Dilip Kumar Jena ( https://sqlexplore.wordpress.com )

SQL SEREVER – What is a View and An Indexed View

 A view  is a virtual tables that is made up of one or more tables. It can be used for security purpose, hiding complex queries.

An Indexed view is a view that has unique clustered index created on it. This takes physical storage i.e it stores data. It will be used in OLAP, decision support where inserts/updates are low. It can be used in the following scenarios

1) Joins and aggregation of big tables.

2) Repeated joins of the same tables on the same keys.

Reference : Dilip Kumar Jena ( https://sqlexplore.wordpress.com )

SQL SERVER – How many tables can SQL SERVER have and how many columns per table.

Sql server can have 2 billion tables per tables and 1024 columns per table.

Reference : Dilip Kumar Jena ( https://sqlexplore.wordpress.com )

SQL SERVER – What is the difference between static and dynamic sql

Static sql is compiled and optimized prior to its execution; dynamic is compiled and optimized during execution.

Reference : Dilip Kumar Jena ( https://sqlexplore.wordpress.com )